Kausar Fatima looks at a problematic issue about Old populations
Populations of many countries are getting old and they face shortage of able and potential workforce. Declining birth rates, growing divorce rates and increasing life expectancies are among the many factors changing demographics around the world. These reasons have resulted that populations in many countries have aged and they not only play less role in the development process but also become liable to be taken care in Old populations.
Old Population Lithuania
Like its neighbours, Lithuania is also facing the challenge of age. One in five Lithuanians is over 65 years old. Already one of the least populated countries in the world, Lithuania’s numbers continue to drop primarily due to a low fertility rate and an exodus of young people abroad.
Estonia is also dealing with the challenge of an aging population. In fact, many experts are concerned about the country’s future. Faced with emigrating young people and a low birth rate, the government has been forced to implement measures to encourage Estonians to stay or return to their country.
Like other Nordic countries, Denmark has a rapidly aging population. Just under 20 percent of its inhabitants are 65 years old or older. To counter this, the Danish government has set up an immigration policy to ensure long-term population growth.
U.S. Virgin Islands
Improved quality of life, education, and health have increased longevity in the U.S. Virgin Islands. Not only did the proportion of people aged 65 and over increase from 12.5% in 2005 to 19.8% in 2019 but the number of senior immigrants also continues to grow, contributing to an overall aging of the population.
Despite a recent increase in birth rates, the average Czech is 42 years old, while around 19.8% of the population is over 65. The government has launched a number of awareness campaigns in response its aging populace.
Hungary also finds itself among the countries with an aging population. With 19.6% of its inhabitants aged 65 years or older and a low fertility rate, the government is implementing measures to encourage childbearing. For example, women with four or more children no longer pay income tax, and grandparents who look after their grandchildren are eligible for social assistance.
The island of Puerto Rico has one of the lowest fertility rates in the Caribbean region. The territory also suffers from both an ambiguous administrative status in relation to the United States and a financial crisis. In fact, the island’s loss of nearly 400,000 inhabitants since 2000 has only worsened the rate at which the population is aging. Approximately 19.6% of Puerto Ricans are 65 years old or older. The Weekender