Kausar Fatima describes buildings that are tourist
Iconic Historical Buildings – Buildings are a crucial part of human evolution and bear witness to the aesthetic sense possessed by the human race. They also reflect the achievements achieved by humans in the complicated field of engineering. These buildings are so attractive that they are thronged by visitors all round the year and are greatly appreciated as engineering feats.
Taj Mahal, Agra is an imposing building that was erected by the Muslim emperor Shah Jahan of the Mughal dynasty. He had it built in honour of Arjumand Banu Begum, his favourite wife, who died during the birth of her 14th child. The Taj Mahal receives more than 2.5 million tourists a year. This tribute to love built with white marble required 20,000 workers and a thousand elephants to arise. Its colour changes with the light of the day. The genius responsible for this monument was court architect Ustad Ahmad Lahori.
The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest of the original Seven Wonders of the World. It is also the only original wonder still standing. The pharaoh Cheops of the fourth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt ordered its construction. The monument was completed in 2570 B.C. and today it receives 3 million visits a year. The magic and mystery surrounding the pyramids is a major attraction. One of their greatest spectacles occurs in winter when the three pyramids line up with Orion’s belt.
The Alhambra in Granada receives 3.5 million people every year. It is a Nasrid fortress and palace whose courtyards and gardens have been considered a benchmark of beauty and elegance throughout the world. The Alhambra has been declared a World Heritage Site. It consists of a defensive flank or Alcazaba, the Nasrid Palaces, and the Generalife Gardens. The most curious and magical artifact is its solar clock which allows the time to be read from the shadows that fall on the rooms.
Statue of Liberty, New York City was built in 1886 and is one of the most emblematic historic monuments. The statue’s original name is ‘Liberty Enlightening the World.’ It is visited by 4.3 million people every year. The Statue of Liberty was a gift from France to the United States in celebration of the centennial of the U.S. Declaration of Independence. Designed by Frédèric Bartholdi, its internal structure was made by Gustave Eiffel. They say the torch is covered in gold but the public cannot access it.
Colosseum in Rome was declared a World Heritage Site in 1980 and isone of the New Seven Wonders of the Modern World that is visited by 5.1 million visitors each year. An estimated 400,000 people and a million animals died in the original colosseum. For this reason, every time a person anywhere in the world has their death sentence commuted the Roman Colosseum is lit for 48 hours.
The Lincoln Memorial in the Washington Mall is a tribute not only to President Abraham Lincoln but to freedom in general. This monument welcomes 6 million people every year. The architect of the memorial was Henry Bacon, while Daniel Chester designed Lincoln’s impressive statue. Next to his image, the president’s important Gettysburg speech can be read in stone.
With 6.7 million people a year, the Eiffel Tower is the fourth most visited monument in the world. It is an icon commemorating the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution. Designed and built by Gustave Eiffel for the 1889 Universal Exhibition in Paris, it has since become a French benchmark.
Great Wall of China is one of the New Seven Wonders of the World, a World Heritage Site and one of the few monuments that can be seen from outer space. The Great Wall of China receives 9 million visitors a year. The Great Wall of China is 21,196 kilometres long and took 20 centuries to build. It is an unmistakable example of Asian culture and perhaps also the biggest cemetery in the world. An estimated 10 million workers or more died during the building of the wall and they were buried near the construction site. The Weekender