The Mughal architecture was scintillatingly ornate and full of artistic motives. The climatic conditions of the subcontinent made them engage in setting large spaces into green and lush Shalimar Gardens Lahore watered by ingenious methods. Mughals were very fond of entertainment and the architecture of their times invariably contained built structures with plenty of openings for maximizing the impact of entertainment.
The most potent design devised by the Mughals was known as Baradari which was a building or pavilion with 12 doors designed to allow the free flow of air. The symmetrical division of the structures emphasized that their opening should be multiple and figure 12 was the most appropriate way of doing so as it covered three angles in equal four-squarish sides. The structure had three doorways on every side of the square-shaped structure.
Baradari provided outstanding acoustic features and such buildings were particularly well-suited for closed-end entertainment that was covered yet open to avoid congestion. Such structures were well-suited for live performances and private concerts by various musicians and poets in front of the rulers and their courts.
Lahore was known as the city of parks and one of the oldest parks is the historical Shalimar Gardens Lahore constructed in 1641 during the reign of the Mughal emperor Shahjahan. Shalimar Garden was made for the recreation of the royal family during their visit to Lahore and it contains an outstanding Baradari built especially for this purpose. It is an exquisite structure that stands apart as a sturdy edifice surrounded by water. And It gives a riveting effect and is extremely attractive. It attracts a large number of visitors who enjoy its energizing surroundings.
Shalimar Gardens Lahore History
Shalimar Garden is a historic and renowned Mughal park located in Lahore, Pakistan. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is considered one of the most significant and well-preserved parks from the Mughal era.
The Shalimar Garden was built in the 17th century by Emperor Shah Jahan. Who is also known for constructing the Taj Mahal in India. The garden was originally designed as a retreat for the emperor and his royal entourage. Its name, “Shalimar,” means “Abode of Love” or “Pleasure Garden,” reflecting its purpose as a place of leisure and relaxation.
The park spans over 80 acres and is divided into three main terraces, known as the lower, middle, and upper park. Each terrace has its own distinct layout, features, and significance.
The lower park is the largest and is the first area visitors encounter. It is adorned with beautiful fountains, pavilions, and water channels. The central axis of the lower garden is aligned with a grand marble cascade that descends from the upper park. This cascade is a captivating feature of the park, with its marble steps and water flowing in symmetrical patterns.
Moving upwards, the middle park is characterized by its elegant pavilions and marble water tanks. It offers a serene and peaceful ambiance with shaded walkways and meticulously manicured flower beds. The pavilions provide resting spots for visitors to enjoy the picturesque surroundings.
Visitors Can Explore Its Stunning Architecture & Design
The upper park, also known as the Farah Baksh or Bestower of Pleasure. It is the smallest but most elevated section of the Shalimar Gardens. It offers stunning panoramic views of the entire park complex and the city beyond. The upper park features pavilions and a centrally placed marble pavilion known as the Sawan Bhadun Pavilion. Which served as a retreat for the royal family during hot summer days.
The design of Shalimar Garden incorporates elements of Persian and Islamic aesthetics, with symmetrical patterns, flowing water, and lush greenery. The gardens are meticulously maintained. And the beauty of its flora, including colorful flowers and shady trees, adds to its charm.
Today, it is open to the public, and visitors can explore its stunning architecture, landscaped gardens, and tranquil atmosphere. The gardens also serve as a venue for cultural events, including music and dance performances, particularly during the annual Mela Chiraghan (Festival of Lights).
A visit to this place is a journey back in time, allowing visitors to experience the grandeur. And the elegance of Mughal art and architecture while enjoying the serene natural surroundings. It is a must-visit attraction for tourists and a cherished cultural treasure for the people of Lahore. The Weekender