Assassination Of Murtaza Bhutto

ByAlam Brohi

A former Ambassador of Pakistan and was associated with Foreign Service of Pakistan

Dated

October 2, 2022

Assassination Of Murtaza Bhutto

Ambassador Alam Brohi describes an ugly incident

Murtaza Bhutto was posted as Consul in Pakistan Mission in Birmingham when the only surviving son of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was martyred near the Murtaza Bhutto house at 70 Clifton in Karachi on 20 September 1996. The gloom of that tragic evening is etched in my memory when I was inundated with queries from angry and worrying Pakistanis about the authenticity of this nerve-wrenching event. Similar frenetic calls were received by Higher Commissioner Wajid Shamsul Hassan. He was in contact with the Prime Minister’s House in Islamabad and waiting for further instructions from the Prime Minister. There was a pall of uncertainty, gloom, and angst over-casting the evening.

The political situation back at home was taking an ugly turn in the backdrop of the tragic killing of Mir Murtaza Bhutto in a police shootout. This was a devastating blow to Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto personally and her government, too. She lost her sibling and the only surviving male member of the Bhutto family, in a tragic way. She had no one else to blame for this irreparable loss. Her mother returned from Dubai and lapsed into shock after hearing the devastating news and never recovered from it. There was not a single soul in Birmingham I knew – friends and foes alike – who did not receive this shocking news with wet eyes.

We were hearing the news of differences between Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto and Mir Murtaza Bhutto – the two iconic heirs of Bhutto. Serious differences had actually cropped up between Mir Murtaza Bhutto and his brother-in-law – Asif Ali Zardari. There was also news of the highhanded treatment of certain police officers in Karachi by the former. We were also aware of the growing wedge between Benazir Bhutto and her handpicked President – Sardar Farooq Leghari. The casus belli of this widening gulf between the two leaders unfortunately was no other person than Asif Ali Zardari. The quarrels between Sardar Farooq Leghari and Asif Ali Zardari had turned into personal rancor and animosity.

The opposition spearheaded by Mian Nawaz Sharif was relentlessly bringing out serious allegations of corruption against Zardari. Amid these allegations, the national media kept highlighting the purchase of the Rockwood Surrey Palace by Zardari. President Leghari had reportedly brought the instances of Zardari’s corruption to the notice of Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto pleading with her to sack him as the minister of Investment. Similarly, the differences between Zardari and Mir Murtaza Bhutto morphed into an open enmity. Despite all this, nobody had the slightest idea that the innocent blood of a Bhutto would be mercilessly shed on the streets of Karachi near 70-Clifton by the brutal use of the police force and the elected government would be dismissed by an old and ardent loyalist.

A single Judge tribunal was appointed to investigate the tragic murder of Mir Murtaza Bhutto. His findings insinuated the involvement of high-ups but did not name the names. High Commissioner Wajid Shamsul Hassan was directed to hire a team from Scotland Yard to probe the crime. Media reports suggested that the evidence at the crime site had already been wiped out. The local police cold-shouldered the Scotland Yard team. No police officer came forward to record his statement about the crime. One of the police officials who had participated in the operation was found murdered in his quarter. The Scotland Yard team could not do anything under these hostile circumstances.

Murtaza Bhutto

Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto’s second government was dismissed by President Sardar Farooq Leghari in the first week of November 1996. High Commissioner Wajid Shamsul Hassan was in Pakistan with the Scotland Yard team. The team returned after staying a week or so in Pakistan. We had paid a staggering amount of some 200,000 sterling pounds to Scotland Yard for this inquiry. Asif Ali Zardari was arrested from the Governor House Lahore on corruption and murder charges. He was destined to have his longest stay in jail this time. Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto was also implicated in corruption charges that would haunt her for long 11 years in self-imposed exile and finally force her to strike a shady deal with General Pervez Musharraf to return home in October 2007.

Besides some serious charges of malfeasance and corruption, Asif Ali Zardari was also nominated in the murder of Mir Murtaza Bhutto along with some senior police officers including DIG Shoaib Saddle, SP Wajid Durrani, and ASP Shahid Hayat. At the time, there were many accusing fingers pointed towards Zardari for the murder of Mir Murtaza Bhutto, Justice Nizam, and former federal secretary Muhammad Alam Baloch. All these murder cases, one by one, were dropped against Zardari for lack of proper investigation and incriminating evidence. However, a decade later, all the police officers implicated in the murder of Mir Murtaza Bhutto, one after the other, would reach the apotheosis of their careers in the fourth PPP government headed by Asif Ali Zardari. Some of them also benefited greatly from the well-touted largesse of Zardari even after their retirement.

History repeated itself after ten years; Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto was martyred in the Liaqat Bagh of Rawalpindi on 27 December 2007. This folly of hiring the services of Scotland Yard for the investigation of her murder was repeated though the crime site there too had already been hosed clean by the police officers probably after a wink from some shadowy silhouettes. Scotland Yard faced the same hurdles in the investigation of her murder, too. The investigation reports of the Scotland Yard in both these high-profile murders were silently shelved in the cubicle of a low official in the ministry of Interior and would never see the light of day. The PPP was in disarray. The elections in February 1997 were won by PMLN with a “heavy mandate” and Mian Nawaz Sharif returned as Prime Minister of the country for the second term. This time around too, he had quarrels with the premier institutions stumbling on small pebbles.

The bloody end of Mir Murtaza Bhutto revealed to the wider world the ferocity of political life in Pakistan where the indiscriminate use of brutal force became a norm casting serious doubt about the entire process of governance. The lingering shadows of this barbaric attitude still mar the political landscape where the value of life is considered negligible while pursuing goals of power and dominance.

The Weekender 

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